With the name of Allah Most Gracious, Most Merciful
Sura 22 (Hajj)
Fighting and protection of human rights
Verse 39-40: To those against whom war is made, permission is given (to fight), because they are wronged;- and verily, Allah is most powerful for their aid;- (They are) those who have been expelled from their homes in defiance of right,- (for no cause) except that they say, “Our Lord is Allah”. Did not Allah check one set of people by means of another, there would surely have been pulled down monasteries, churches, synagogues, and mosques, in which the name of Allah is commemorated in abundant measure. Allah will certainly aid those who aid his (cause);- for verily Allah is full of Strength, Exalted in Might, (able to enforce His Will).
The permission for fighting is given in these verses but is conditional on being wronged. Two things mentioned here worth noting are that the violation is when you are attacked not for personal reasons but because of your faith and secondly a violation of human rights by expelling people from their homes. This fully justifies permission to fight. The universality of the Quranic injunction extends the responsibility of providing safety and security not only to Muslim places of worship but to other religious centres (e.g Churches, Synogogues etc). Some commentators have extended the meaning of the Arabic terms to also include market places and support centres (e.g hospitals). The protections and responsibilities instructed by Allah (SWT) are of the highest standards if we would just follow its wisdom.
Continues tomorrow InshAllah…