With the name of Allah Most Gracious, Most Merciful
The title of this sura refers to the Confederates which comprised an alliance between some of the Pagan Quraysh and certain tribes amongst the Jews. They secretly conspired with the Hypocrites to defeat the Prophet SAW. This type of confederation occurs over and over again in history. They represent the forces of evil that unite to suppress the truth. The Quran also refers to the unbelievers amongst the people of Nuh, Lut, Ad, Firaun and Thamud as the Confederates . See sura 38 verses 11-13
Continues tomorrow . . .