With the name of Allah Most Gracious, Most Merciful
Sura 32 (As-Sajda)
A leader is one who consistently follows Allah (SWT)’s commands
Verses 23-24: “We did indeed aforetime give the Book to Moses: be not then in doubt of its reaching (thee): and We made it a guide to the Children of Israel. And We appointed, from among them, leaders, giving guidance under Our command, so long as they persevered with patience and continued to have faith in Our Signs.”
As with the Arabs, the Bani Israel also received a book of guidance and their leaders were expected to provide guidance in line with and under Allah (SWT)’s commands. However, another rule is that they were to have Sabr and Imaan in the scripture. Having Sabr in the Scripture implies consistency, another and more relevant meaning of Sabr in context of these verses. We see this is where they failed. Instead of remaining firm and holding fast (Sura 7 verse 145) to the scripture they changed the word and left behind the Torah and created other sources of guidance instead of the Torah e.g Talmud. These lessons provided are not just for the historical record but are meant to remind us to avoid such wrongful action.
We read in Sura 5 Verse 13: “But because of their breach of their covenant, We cursed them, and made their hearts grow hard; they change the words from their (right) places and forget a good part of the message that was sent them, nor wilt thou cease to find them- barring a few – ever bent on (new) deceits: but forgive them, and overlook (their misdeeds): for Allah loveth those who are kind.”