Sura Fath (48) 06/08/2016

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With the name of Allah Most Gracious, Most Merciful

Surah 48 (Fath)

Care and compassion between believers

Verse 29: Muhammad is the messenger of Allah; and those who are with him are strong against Unbelievers, (but) compassionate amongst each other. Thou wilt see them bow and prostrate themselves (in prayer), seeking Grace from Allah and (His) Good Pleasure. On their faces are their marks, (being) the traces of their prostration. This is their similitude in the Taurat; and their similitude in the Gospel is: like a seed which sends forth its blade, then makes it strong; it then becomes thick, and it stands on its own stem, (filling) the sowers with wonder and delight. As a result, it fills the Unbelievers with rage at them. Allah has promised those among them who believe and do righteous deeds forgiveness, and a great Reward.

This is a frequently recited verse of the Quran, confirming Muhammed (SAW) as the Messenger of Allah (SWT). A follower of Muhammed (SAW) is described as one who loves and protects his fellow believer. However, the true nature of those claiming to be ardent followers of the beloved Prophet (SAW) violates this basic tenet and calls into question their claim. A most beautiful parable of the seed is given in this verse and is testimony to the final success of the Prophet (SAW) mission with establishment of a system of life sprouting out of the initial seed planted by the first revelation…Iqra (Read and Proclaim).

Continues tomorrow…Insha Allah
Salaam/Peace

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Sura Fath (48) 05/08/2016

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With the name of Allah Most Gracious, Most Merciful

Surah 48 (Fath)

Sacredness of life

Verse 25: They are the ones who denied Revelation and hindered you from the Sacred Mosque and the sacrificial animals, detained from reaching their place of sacrifice. Had there not been believing men and believing women whom ye did not know that ye were trampling down and on whose account a crime would have accrued to you without (your) knowledge, (Allah would have allowed you to force your way, but He held back your hands) that He may admit to His Mercy whom He will. If they had been apart, We should certainly have punished the Unbelievers among them with a grievous Punishment.

The verse describes the preceding event to the treaty of Hudaibiyah. The pilgrimage of the Prophet (SAW) and his followers was obstructed by the warring Meccans. The choice of undertaking an aggressive challenge to the Meccans was an option but was not selected and rather a peace treaty of Hudaibiyah was chosen which provided the ultimate long term victory. Of importance is Allah (SWT)s mention of a reason in protecting the sacredness of the life of fellow believers.

There were believers who may not have had the strength or conviction to openly come across to Medina and remained secretly in Mecca. Although some may argue that these were “weak” or “not genuine” believers but even their lives were of high regard and Allah (SWT) prevented the believers to fight which may have led to them inadvertently and unknowingly killing believers. This level of care is in stark contrast to the wanton killing of believers on either side of the divide in modern times and is unacceptable.

Continues tomorrow…Insha Allah
Salaam/Peace

Sura Fath (48) 04/08/2016

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With the name of Allah Most Gracious, Most Merciful

Surah 48 (Fath)

Bayah – the pledge of allegiance

Verse 18: Allah’s Good Pleasure was on the Believers when they swore Fealty to thee under the Tree: He knew what was in their hearts, and He sent down Tranquillity to them; and He rewarded them with a speedy Victory;

The verse describes the Bayah made by the believers as a show of commitment to Allah and His Rasool at the challenging time surrounding the treaty of Hudaibiyah. This show of commitment led to the “speedy” or “near” victory which was the conquest of Mecca two years later. Bayah is sometimes misconstrued and is in essence a show of commitment to the cause of Allah (SWT) and none else.

This is clarified at the end of verse 111 in sura 9 described as bargain of a “deal” (bayah): “Allah hath purchased of the believers their persons and their goods; for theirs (in return) is the garden (of Paradise): they fight in His cause, and slay and are slain: a promise binding on Him in truth, through the Law, the Gospel, and the Qur’an: and who is more faithful to his covenant than Allah? then rejoice in the bargain which ye have concluded: that is the achievement supreme”

Continues tomorrow…Insha Allah
Salaam/Peace

Sura Fath (48) 03/08/2016

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With the name of Allah Most Gracious, Most Merciful

Surah 48 (Fath)

Excuses of the hypocrites

Verse 11: The desert Arabs who lagged behind will say to thee: “We were engaged in (looking after) our flocks and herds, and our families: do thou then ask forgiveness for us.” They say with their tongues what is not in their hearts. Say: “Who then has any power at all (to intervene) on your behalf with Allah, if His Will is to give you some loss or to give you some profit? But Allah is well acquainted with all that ye do.

As highlighted the Muslims were under attack and there was a strong need for the believers to galvanize and protect themselves as a united front. Unfortunately, it was within the ranks that problems arose and when the call was made, the excuses provided were that they had other things to do… involvement with their families and material possessions.

Thus they showed no commitment to the cause and we just name sake believers. There was a total disconnect between their speech and what was their inner conviction. The same question could be asked of us today and our level of commitment. Faith implies heart felt conviction and action.
Cross reference: S49:V14

Continues tomorrow…Insha Allah
Salaam/Peace

Sura Fath (48) 02/08/2016

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With the name of Allah Most Gracious, Most Merciful

Surah 48 (Fath)

Duties of the Prophet (SAW)

Verses 8-9: “We have truly sent thee as a witness, as a bringer of Glad Tidings, and as a Warner: In order that ye (O men) may believe in Allah and His Messenger, that ye may assist and honour Him, and celebrate His praise morning and evening.”

These two verses highlight the duties of the Prophet (SAW). Verse 8 is repeated in many other places highlighting the witness of the Prophet (SAW) of his mission and message (see S25:V30) on the day of Judgement; the bringing of good news of Heaven and blessings and lastly the warning of Hell and destruction. Verse 9 highlights further essential duties and it is very clear that the Prophet (SAW)’s mission was primarily to bring humanity closer to Allah (SWT). Such that belief is embodied in the divine message, lives are directed towards assisting the promulgation and adoption of Allah (SWT)’s words and also honouring the commitments due to the Creator. Lastly the Prophet (SAW)’s mission was also to direct humanity to be reverent to their Creator and none other.

Continues tomorrow…Insha Allah
Salaam/Peace

Sura Fath (48) 01/08/2016

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With the name of Allah Most Gracious, Most Merciful

Surah 48 (Fath)

Tranquility of the heart strengthens faith

Verse 4: It is He Who sent down tranquillity into the hearts of the Believers, that they may add faith to their faith;- for to Allah belong the Forces of the heavens and the earth; and Allah is Full of Knowledge and Wisdom.

The situation for the Muslims was very tough prior to the treaty of Hudaibiya. There was anxiety and tension in the Muslim camp with anger and the desire to fight the aggressing Meccans. However, the situation required calm and thoughtful response. It is in this situation that Allah (SWT) had sent upon the hearts of the believer’s tranquility (sakinah). This change in attitude to the decision taken strengthened the zeal and conviction of the believers and eventually led to the ultimate victory. This is in stark contrast to the aggressors who had vengeance in their hearts and minds (see verse 26) and finally led to their loss. The need to adopt an attitude of calm acceptance and conviction in the decisions of Allah (SWT) is an important lesson.

Continues tomorrow…Insha Allah
Salaam/Peace

Sura Fath (48) 31/07/2016

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With the name of Allah Most Gracious, Most Merciful

Surah 48 (Fath)

Freedom of movement and association was a manifest victory

Verses 1-3: (O Prophet) We have opened for you the gates of a manifest victory. That God may protect you against whatever could have caused you to lag behind in the past and in the future. He perfects His blessings on you and takes you along a straight path. And thus God supports you with a mighty support. (Translation S Ahmed)

The Muslims are here told that the treaty of Hudaibiya concluded with the warring Meccans was a manifest victory. This was important mindset change as the Muslims had viewed the agreement unfavorably as there was no territorial gain and the treaty preferentially favoured the Meccans. It however provided an end to hostilities and laid open the doors for them to move unhindered and continue spreading there message. This was indeed a success as the Muslims had taken Mecca in a bloodless victory within a span of two years with the Muslim followership growing exponentially. The lesson is that what we may perceive as a loss may be a victory in the planning of Allah (SWT). So long as we adhere to the message and its teaching victory is a natural outcome. Read also verses 18-20

Continues tomorrow…Insha Allah
Salaam/Peace